how to correct a shallow latch

How to Correct a Shallow Latch: A Comprehensive Guide

Breastfeeding is natural and essential for babies, but it can be challenging for new mothers. Among the many problems that breastfeeding mothers have to contend with is a shallow latch from their baby. A shallow latch occurs when the baby’s mouth doesn’t cover enough of the breast or nipple, leading to significant pain, infection, and low milk supply. To help moms overcome this problem, we’ve put together a comprehensive guide on correcting a shallow latch.


Before we delve into ways of correcting a shallow latch, let’s start by defining what breastfeeding is all about and latching difficulties. Breastfeeding is one way of feeding an infant with mother’s milk. The act of nursing requires both the mother and her baby to work in harmony throughout each feeding session.

Despite the benefits of breastfeeding, there are common issues that breastfeeding mothers face. In particular, latching difficulties can make the experience painful for both baby and mom. A proper “latch” means that the baby is positioned correctly and attached to the breast in such a way that it promotes milk transfer from the mother to the infant while also protecting the mother’s nipples from damage.

What is a Shallow Latch?

A shallow latch refers to when the baby draws only on the nipple instead of surrounding a large part of the nipple with their mouth during feeding sessions. Several factors cause a shallow latch, including:

  • Breastfeeding position – if your baby’s body alignment isn’t good or comfortable, your baby might not be able to keep his/her chin up, which will cause your baby to have a shallow latch.
  • Baby’s mouth – if your baby has issues like tongue-tie or lip-tie, it would be hard for them to open their mouths wide enough during breastfeeding.
  • Mother’s anatomy – if certain parts of the breast are not proportioned or shaped adequately for breastfeeding.

Signs of a Shallow Latch

Recognizing the signs of a shallow latch early on can prevent many problems and make breastfeeding comfortable for both mom and baby. Here are some signs that you might have a shallow latch:

  • Sore nipples – your nipples will be sore, cracked, or even bleeding.
  • Low milk supply – with a shallow latch, milk flows too fast and makes it hard for your child to drink milk effectively.
  • Fussiness from the baby during feedings – because your baby can’t get enough milk from you at one time, he/she will fuss, moan and cry in frustration.

Consequences of a Shallow Latch

Breastfeeding with an improper latch leads to several emotional and physical problems. When your baby has poor sucking activity, he or she doesn’t receive enough nutrition and may develop health issues like dehydration or failure to thrive.

You could also develop medical conditions like mastitis due to incomplete emptying of the breasts. Insufficient transfer of milk means that your baby is not getting all the nutrients that they need to grow correctly.

How to Correct a Shallow Latch: Tips, Tricks & Techniques

Correcting a shallow latch is possible through proper observation and avoidance of bad feeding habits. Here are some things that you can do at-home to correct a bad breastfeeding routine:

  • Check positioning – moms should sit in an upright and relaxed position while breastfeeding; this way, your baby doesn’t experience difficulties with breathing. Your baby’s nose should almost touch your breast.
  • Teach the baby to have another try if he/she does not get enough milk – when you notice things are wrong with breastfeeding, try putting your baby back on the breast to help the baby latch better.
  • Encouraging relaxation for both mother and baby – Stressful feeding sessions can lead to a shallow latch. You should focus on being calm, happy, and relaxed before and during nursing sessions.

Breastfeeding Positions: Techniques to Promote Better Latching

There are several breastfeeding positions that mothers can adopt to make it easier for them to nurse their babies correctly. Here’s an overview of some popular breastfeeding positions:

  • Cross-cradle – hold your baby across your body opposite from the breast you’re feeding from.
  • Laid-back – The mother can recline in a comfortable position. This position encourages gravity to guide your baby’s head to the nipple.
  • Football hold – this position is ideal for mothers with large breasts or c-section recoveries. Place your arm under your baby with their head at breast level, so they are side-lying down your body while holding onto feed.

Each breastfeeding position has its advantages and disadvantages. Therefore it’s essential to choose what works best for you and your child.

Optimizing Your Baby’s Mouth for Better Latch

If you experience difficulties with shallow latch, it could be because of problems like tongue-tie or latching issues associated with infant colic. One way to soothe infants before feeding sessions is by gently massaging under their chin and stroking their cheeks. If you’re uncertain that your child may have any condition that might impact latching, consulting a doctor will aid in managing any underlying conditions.

Mom’s Anatomy: What Changes Can Help?

Mom’s anatomy could impact baby’s latches, hence the need to pay attention to preparation before feedings. You should avoid tight-fitting clothing that can cause friction on your nipple. While you don’t always have control over the shape of y0ur breasts, making them warm or using a breast pump to provide some relief can help promote breast health.

Common Problems & Solutions

Engorged breasts and clogged ducts are two common problems that women face while breastfeeding. Any mom with engorged breasts should apply heat before nursing sessions, or they can pump for a bit to create space in the breast tissues before resuming feeding sessions from that breast.

Low milk supply is another common problem, especially during the first few weeks after giving birth. Breastfeeding more often and using a breast pump can help stimulate milk production.

How Can Dad and Other Loved Ones Help?

Help from dads or other family members can make it easier to balance all motherhood responsibilities while also taking care of yourself. Dads and other family members can help massage away lumps and blocked milk ducts using gentle pressure on your chest, which helps to promote better flow of milk.

Conclusion: Making Breastfeeding Work

Breastfeeding is an essential part of mothering but comes with its challenges in the form of a shallow latch problem. We hope this comprehensive guide helps new mothers overcome this challenge by using these tips, tricks, and position methods to correct a shallow latch effectively. Remember always to pay attention to how comfortable you feel for each feeding session as every mom-child pair is unique in their breastfeeding experiences.

7 FAQs About Correcting a Shallow Latch

Q: What is a shallow latch?

A shallow latch occurs when a baby does not take enough of the breast into their mouth during breastfeeding. This can cause nipple pain, soreness and slow milk flow, leading to dissatisfaction for both mom and baby.

Q: How do I know if my baby has a shallow latch?

You may notice that your nipple looks flattened or misshapen after the feeding, or you feel a pinching sensation while nursing. Your baby may also make clicking noises while feeding or seem fussy and unsettled at the breast.

Q: What can cause a shallow latch?

A shallow latch can be caused by several factors, including tongue/lip tie, large breasts, engorgement, flattening of the nipple due to overuse of a breast pump, and bad positioning during breastfeeding.

Q: How can I correct a shallow latch?

  • Make sure your baby’s head is in a neutral position, not tilted up or down.
  • Your baby’s body should be turned towards your breast with their ear, shoulder and hip aligned in an imaginary straight line.
  • Cradle the baby close to you with their nose opposite your nipple.
  • Wait until your baby opens their mouth wide, with their tongue down and forward before latching on to the breast.
  • Make sure that your nipple and as much of the areola as possible are inside your baby’s mouth.


If it hurts when you initially latch the baby on, it’s important to break suction by placing a finger inside the baby’s mouth to release the latch. It is safe to try again once the baby has opened their mouth wide.

Q: Will breast shields help with a shallow latch?

Breast shields can be helpful in some situations but are not always a solution for a shallow latch. Seek advice from a lactation consultant before using them to make sure they will work for you and your baby.

Q: What else can I do to improve my baby’s latch?

  • Try breastfeeding in a different position to see if that helps your baby open their mouth wider.
  • If your baby has tongue/lip tie, discuss with your healthcare provider if it’s necessary to have the condition corrected.
  • Consider seeking help from a lactation consultant or attending a breastfeeding support group.

Q: How long does it take to correct a shallow latch?

The amount of time it takes to correct a shallow latch depends on various factors such as the severity of the problem, how quickly you notice and address it, and any underlying issues like tongue/lip tie. With patience, practice, and support from experts, you can establish a comfortable and effective breastfeeding routine for both you and your baby.

keys takeaways

4 Keys Takeaways for Correcting a Shallow Latch

  1. Identify the problem: Shallow latch is often caused by incorrect positioning, tongue tie or improper mouth shape. Identifying the root cause is the first step to fixing it.
  2. Adjust positioning: Ensure that your baby’s chin is touching your breast, and their mouth is wide open. Aim the nipple towards the roof of their mouth, and let them suck in as much of the areola as possible.
  3. Take breaks: If your baby seems to be struggling to maintain a deep latch, take a break and try again later. Frequent breaks can help to prevent soreness and frustration on both ends.
  4. Ask for help: Don’t hesitate to seek professional help from a lactation consultant or healthcare provider if you’re having trouble correcting a shallow latch. They can provide personalized advice and support.

Remember, it may take some time and practice to correct a shallow latch, but with patience and persistence, you’ll get there!

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