how to correct shallow latch

How to Correct Shallow Latch: A Comprehensive Guide for Breastfeeding Mothers


Breastfeeding can be an enriching experience both for the mother and the child, but it is not always a bed of roses. One common issue that many new mothers struggle with is achieving a deep and proper latch during breastfeeding. A shallow latch occurs when the baby does not take enough breast tissue into their mouth while breastfeeding. A shallow latch can cause discomfort, pain, low milk supply, and other complications. However, this problem can be overcome with some simple strategies and proper education. In this article, we will explain what a shallow latch is, how it develops, how to identify it properly, and provide solutions for correcting it.

Understanding Shallow Latch

A shallow latch refers to when the baby does not take a large enough portion of the breast tissue into their mouth while breastfeeding. This can happen for several reasons including difficulty in positioning or latching on to the nipple correctly. Babies who have a shallow latch may only use their lips instead of their tongue muscles to feed, which can lead to problems such as inadequate intake of milk, nipple pain and damage, and decreased milk supply.

Symptoms of Shallow Latch

A shallow latch can produce various symptoms depending on its severity. Some of the common signs include:

  • Nipple pain or soreness during or after breastfeeding
  • Visible bite marks or indentations on your nipples after feeding
  • Poor positioning or detachment during breastfeeding
  • Inability of your infant to stay awake during feeding
  • Frequent crying or fussiness after completing a feeding session
  • Inadequate weight gain

Risks of Not Correcting a Shallow Latch

If not corrected early enough, a shallow latch can lead to several risks that can be harmful to both the baby and mother. Some of the risks include:

  • Low milk production due to reduced nipple stimulation
  • Increased likelihood of infection. This is because cracking or damage of the nipples offers an entry point for bacteria and viruses
  • Inadequate infant growth and weight gain
  • Distress for both mother and baby during feeding sessions

Assessing Latch Quality

It’s essential to assess your baby’s latch quality before trying different techniques aimed at correcting it. Here are some strategies for assessing a latch:

Positioning of the Baby

The alignment of your baby’s oral cavity is critical to achieving an excellent latch. When your baby is properly positioned, their head should be in a way that the infant’s mouth is facing level with your nipple. This way, you minimize the chances of your baby taking only a portion of the breast.

Latching Technique

A correct latch is when your baby takes both your nipple and part of your areola into their mouth. To achieve this, ensure their bottom lip flange is turned outwards such that it encircles part of your breast underneath your nipple, whiles their tongue is cupped beneath the nipple.

What a Good Latch looks like

When a good latch happens, there are some signs worth noting, including:

  • Your infant should have a significant portion of your areola in their mouth along with the nipple.
  • Their mouth and lips should form tightly around the areola without any sucking noises on detachment.
  • Your infant should be attached to one breast for around 10-15 minutes on each side with gentle pauses between breastfeeding sessions.

Identifying a Shallow Latch

There are several ways to identify a shallow latch, including:

  • You feel pain or soreness in your nipples during or after breastfeeding
  • Your baby tends to fall asleep frequently during feeding
  • You notice chafing or cracking of your nipples
  • Your baby’s weight gain is slow, and they have fewer than six bowel movements in a day

Correction Strategies for Shallow Latch

Successfully correcting a shallow latch starts by preparing both the mother and child for feeding. Here are some techniques that mothers can use to correct a shallow latch:

Preparing for the Breastfeeding Session

The first step is getting into proper positioning and posture while breastfeeding. Here’s how it can be done correctly:

  • Ensure that you sit upright with a straight back and relaxed shoulders.
  • Elevate your feet by placing them on a footrest or stool to take pressure off the lower back.
  • Use pillows to help support your back, arms, and your baby’s head and body during feeding sessions.
  • Avoid slouching forward or hunching over. Doing so can cause muscle strain leading to fatigue and overall discomfort.

Techniques for Improving the Baby’s Latch

Improving your baby’s latch can be achieved using hands-on techniques to correct a shallow latch. Some of these techniques include:

Reverse Pressure Softening

This strategy involves applying light manual pressure around the nipple area before breastfeeding. It helps to soften dense breast tissue, making it easier for your baby to attach firmly without causing any discomfort.

Breast Compression

Breast compression helps to express milk when you have low milk supply or when your baby has difficulty getting enough milk from breastfeeding sessions.

Strategies for Nipple Placement

To prevent shallow latching, try out the following techniques:

  • Use your thumb and index finger to gently compress your breast and direct it into your baby’s mouth correctly.
  • If you notice that your baby is only nursing from one part of your nipple, try using a breast pump to drain that spot a few minutes before feeding. Then when you start breastfeeding, move the baby’s mouth to the middle of the breast rather than the side they usually feed on.
  • If your breasts are firm or engorged, use ice packs or heat bags to soften them before starting a breastfeeding session.

Supporting Baby’s Feeding Process

Ensuring your baby is getting enough milk not only provides them with the necessary nutrients but also helps maintain adequate milk production. Mothers can use the following strategies to optimize their feeding process:

Ensuring Efficient Milk Transfer

Effective milk transfer refers to when your baby receives an adequate amount of milk required to support their growth and development.

Switch Nursing

If you experience low milk supply or slow letdown reflex, alternate between breasts and wait for the second breast to ‘let down’ before ending feeding sessions.

Hindrances to Effective Milk Transfer

Latching issues should be taken seriously as they can compromise milk transfer efficiency. Common hindrances include tongue-tie, which hinders proper movement of your baby’s tongue during nursing sessions.

Common Challenges and Solutions

Even with perfect positioning and attachment, some mothers may still face challenges during breastfeeding. Here are some common challenges and solutions that may come in handy:

Breastfeeding Pain and Discomfort

Breastfeeding pain or discomfort may be due to several causes such as blocked ducts, bruising or cracking of nipples and mastitis. Here are some solutions that may alleviate pain:

  • Taking warm showers before feeding sessions to help ease soreness in the breast.
  • Applying a warm towel to the breast before feeding.
  • Avoiding tight-fitting bras or clothing that puts pressure on your breasts.

Improving Milk Supply and Flow Rate

Sometimes, milk flow rate may be slower than usual or lower than required for optimal infant growth. Here are ways to improve milk production:

  • Maintaining frequent latching to stimulate consistent milk supply.
  • Increasing fluid intake and having nutritional meals to maintain healthy hormone levels ideal for milk supply.
  • Adequately resting or taking a nap while breastfeeding s using pillows or breastfeeding cushions to provide support and prevent fatigue.

Engorgement Prevention and Management

Engorgement refers to when the breast tissue becomes filled with milk, causing swelling and discomfort. To manage engorgement, you can try the following strategies:

  • Maintaining regular feeding schedules with frequent latching.
  • If you have trouble emptying your breasts or want to relieve some pressure, use breast compression by putting your hand behind your breast delicately pressing so that milk flows towards the nipple.
  • Cold therapy such as cold packs can help alleviate swelling and discomfort when applied after breastfeeding.

Optimal Positioning of Your Baby During Feeding Sessions

Effective breastfeeding requires optimal positioning to maximize comfort and ensure efficient latch-on of the nipple. Here are some types of positions you can try:

Cross-Cradle Hold

With this position, place your baby’s head on the crook of your arm opposite the breast they’re nursing from; gently rest one of your hands behind them while using your thumb and index finger to help squeeze your breast to protrude outward so that your baby can latch on.

Football Hold

This technique requires placing your baby underarm in a way that their head faces you. Position yourself facing straight ahead with the body tucked to your side.

Laidback Breastfeeding

This position is particularly useful for mothers recovering from a Cesarean birth. In this position, the mother lies on her back, elevating her head and lying on two or three pillows, inclined at an angle. In this state, the baby will be able to latch on comfortably without putting much pressure on the mother’s body.

Additional Tips and Strategies for a Successful Breastfeeding Experience

To have successful breastfeeding, consider these tips:

  • Maintain comfortable posture during feeding.
  • Avoid distractions while feeding such as phone calls or other activities.
  • Follow cues from your baby, meaning that you feed whenever they show hunger signs.
  • Join support groups such as online forums or seek advice from lactation consultants.


Breastfeeding can be a challenging experience for new mothers, but it can be overcome with proper education and techniques for correction. As discussed above, a shallow latch can lead to complications such as inadequate milk supply and pain. To prevent this, mothers can try out positioning techniques such as cross-cradle holds and football holds and use techniques such as reverse pressure softening or breast compressions. Proper latching ensures adequate milk supply both for optimal growth of the infant and maintaining optimal hormone levels for lactation. Remember always to seek help when faced with challenges that may interfere with efficient breastfeeding sessions.

7 FAQs About Correcting a Shallow Latch

What is a shallow latch?

A shallow latch is when your baby doesn’t take enough breast tissue into their mouth while nursing. This can lead to sore nipples, poor milk transfer, and low milk supply over time.

What causes a shallow latch?

The reason your baby might have a shallow latch could be due to a variety of reasons including:

  • Poor positioning during breastfeeding
  • Your baby’s mouth anatomy
  • Engorged breasts or heavy milk flow
  • Breastfeeding after bottle-feeding or pacifier use

What are some common ways to correct a shallow latch?

To correct a shallow latch, try the following:

  • Ensure proper positioning during breastfeeding.
  • Wait until your baby opens their mouth wide before latching.
  • Hold your breast in a C-hold to prevent it from blocking your baby’s nose.
  • Gently pull down on your baby’s chin to encourage them to take more of the nipple into their mouth.

What are some tips for preventing a shallow latch?

You can help prevent a shallow latch by:

  • Checking your baby’s latch at the beginning of each feeding session
  • Relaxing during breastfeeding and allowing time for letdown (the reflex that releases milk)
  • Breastfeeding frequently to avoid engorgement and heavy milk flow.

If I have sore nipples, does that mean my baby has a shallow latch?

Not necessarily. There could be multiple reasons for sore nipples, but if your nipples are cracked or bleeding, it’s worth consulting a lactation consultant to determine the cause. A shallow latch is one possible cause.

When should I seek professional help for a shallow latch?

If you’re experiencing pain or having trouble breastfeeding despite trying to correct the latch on your own, it’s best to consult a lactation consultant before problems worsen. This can help prevent long-term nipple damage and supply issues.

How long does it take to correct a shallow latch?

It depends on the severity of the problem and how consistently you’re able to focus on correcting the latch during each feeding session. Some moms may see improvement after just one feeding session, while others may require more time and effort. With practice, patience, and support from a lactation consultant, most shallow latches can be corrected relatively quickly.

keys takeaways

4 Keys Takeaways for Correcting Shallow Latch

  1. Position is key: Ensure that you and your baby are in a comfortable position where your baby’s nose is lined up with your nipple for successful latching.
  2. Open wide: Encourage your baby to open their mouth wide by gently tickling their lips with your nipple. This will ensure that they can latch deeply.
  3. Support the breast: Support your breast from underneath with your fingers, not the palm of your hand, to allow your baby to take a larger mouthful and get a deeper latch.
  4. Listen to cues: Watch and listen for signs that your baby is latched well, such as hearing them swallow frequently and noticing their cheeks are rounded instead of dimpled. If you’re unsure, seek support from a lactation consultant.

With these tips, correcting a shallow latch can lead to better milk transfer and less discomfort for you and your baby.

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