how to self regulate your nervous system

How to Self-Regulate Your Nervous System


The human nervous system is a complex web of interconnected nerves and neurons that work together to regulate various bodily functions. It plays an essential role in making sure that our body functions correctly, from breathing and digestion to movement and thought processes.

However, when we encounter stressors and difficult situations, our nervous system can become overwhelmed, leading to anxiousness, stress, or depression. Self-regulation is a crucial skill that helps us manage the reactions of our nervous system when exposed to stressors, helping us prevent long-term health issues.

In this article, we will explore the importance of self-regulation and its impact on overall mental health. We will also discuss some effective techniques that you can use for self-regulation.

Understanding the Nervous System

Before delving into the specifics of self-regulation, it’s essential to understand the different components of the nervous system.

The nervous system has two primary components: the Central Nervous System (CNS) and the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS). The CNS is made up of the brain and spinal cord. The PNS contains all the nerves in your body and acts as a communication network between your brain and your organs.

The PNS is further divided into two parts: the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) and Somatic Nervous System.

The ANS controls subconscious bodily functions such as heart rate, breathing, digestion and often operates without conscious control. The ANS has two subdivisions: Sympathetic Nervous System (SNS), which increases heart rate and blood pressure during flight or fight responses. The Parasympathetic Nervous System (PNS) slows down heart rate, breathing rate, blood pressure during relaxation responses.

What is Self-Regulation?

Self-regulation can be defined as the act of managing and responding to stressors (external and internal) to promote optimal physiological and psychological functioning. Self-regulation skills help us manage our bodies’ stress responses, reduce anxiety, depression, and promote optimal physical and mental health.

The Significance Of Self-regulation for Healthy Living

Stressors negatively impact our physiological and psychological systems. Chronic stress leads to numerous health problems like hypertension (high blood pressure), cognitive decline, and depression. It’s crucial to learn how to regulate stress hormones (cortisol, adrenaline) released during the body’s fight or flight response to counter the effects of chronic stress.

By engaging in self-regulation activities, you gain control over your body and emotions. This skill helps you gain better control over your thoughts, emotions, and reduces the occurrence of negative thoughts. Over time this leads to positive changes across all areas of life.

Techniques to Self-Regulate

There are several practices you can incorporate into your daily routine to help regulate your nervous system. These techniques can range from physical exercise to meditation or mindfulness techniques.

Physical Activities

Exercise is crucial for regulating your nervous system; it boosts immunity; helps in better sleep quality; improves mood; relieves anxiety; increases cognitive abilities. Exercise releases endorphins; a happy hormone that dulls pain sensations and improves emotional states.

Aerobic exercises, like running or bicycling, offer benefits similar to meditation by promoting relaxation responses in the body, such as slower breathing rate. Yoga integrates strength-based movements with specific breathing patterns that lead to relaxation responses, improving mindfulness while relaxing muscles.

While incorporating any physical exercise into your routine can have a profound impact on your physical health, it’s essential not to overdo it. Instead, try scheduling small workouts across the day instead of a single, long period. This routine prevents injury, burnout and improves work productivity.

Relaxation Practices

Relaxation practices are another effective method of self-regulation that reduces nervous system arousal, reducing anxiety and stress.

Mindfulness Meditation is highly beneficial; it involves paying careful attention to the present. This technique strengthens emotional control centers in minds while improving concentration, reducing stressors.

Breathing exercises can help regulate your parasympathetic nervous system- the branch responsible for slowing down heart rate and blood pressure. Simple techniques like inhaling deeply and counting to four before exhaling can instantly calm you.

Progressive muscle relaxation entails tensing and releasing muscles systematically across the body to alleviate physical tension. This technique led to profound relaxation responses across the body while also helping identify muscle tensions.

Body scan is a process of thorough examination of the body beginning from toes upwards to the head. Mindful awareness to every part of the body helps us better understand parts that need relaxation, relief from tension and areas that require better posture corrections.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a psychotherapeutic approach focused on influencing patterns of thinking and behavior through mental reprocessing techniques. CBT helps an individual identify irrational thoughts that lead to stress or anxious reactions. These thought patterns can be analysed for irrationality through ‘Reality Testing’—a technique that compares them with objective reality.

Through rational thinking, individuals develop logical arguments against their irrational beliefs, thus reducing stressors’ impact due to distorted beliefs.

Factors Affecting Self-Regulation Efforts

Several factors play into an individual’s success in developing self-regulation skills:

Age:- Children require more physical activities that engage their imagination as they develop self-regulation mechanisms. Young adults/adolescents prefer expressing themselves creatively, games, or socializing. Middle-aged individuals may gravitate towards physical activities that offer relaxation, mindful practices to alleviate mid-life stressors like job responsibilities and family, while older adults prefer activities that help maintain muscle tone, minimize cognitive decline and improve health.

Personal motivation:- The desire to implement self-regulation techniques must come from within an individual. People who feel motivated highly likely to stick to these activities, leading to positive behavior changes.

Emotional influence:- Distressful situations, negative emotional responses can make it hard for individuals prone to maladaptive behavior to seek internal regulation mechanisms. This emotional influence fuel burn-out; decreases motivation creating anxiety loops that are difficult to break.

Support Systems:- Social support systems (professional therapists, friends, family) are crucial in preventing those susceptible turning back to maladaptive behaviors as an easy way of managing nerves.

Past Experiences:- Early life experiences shape individuals’ abilities to manage stressful situations effectively. Positive early experiences (a supportive family) help develop better self-regulatory mechanisms during stressful times. Negative past experiences and severe psychopathologies may lead to poor self-regulation and potentially PTSD and other negative outcomes.

Self-Regulation Activities Based on Age

Self-regulation techniques across age groups differ significantly. Children prefer imaginative play and games with rules that are easy for them to understand. Adolescents may opt for mindfulness-based techniques such as meditation ,deep breathing or journaling their emotions down.

Adults can incorporate more complex and diverse skills ranging from physical exercises (yoga, strength-based training), relationship management and effective communication skills, time scheduling & mindfulness techniques like gratitude journaling or stimulating the senses through walks-in nature.

Self Regulation Techniques for Continued Healthy Living

Incorporating lifelong self-regulation practices reflects the significance of healthy lifestyle choices for continued mental health:

Incorporating small self-regulating actions in your daily routine: Leading a successful life filled with emotional balance, personal productivity requires self-regulation tasks such as exercise, mindfulness techniques and engagement in purposeful activities.

Developing goal-setting practices: Setting SMART goals (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, Timely) keeps motivation high and promotes self-regulatory mechanisms. It’s essential to celebrate meeting these targets, triggering happier emotions.

The role of patience and persistence: Self-regulation is a skill acquired through persistent training. The more you practice self-regulatory techniques, the easier it becomes to regulate your thoughts and actions.

Tips to avoid devices that might negatively affect cognitive health: Overusing devices for extended periods can lead to “information overload,” affecting mental health negatively. To avoid this effect practice effective usage of social media and other communication devices.

Overcoming Common Challenges in Nervous System Self-Regulation

Self-Regulation may pose challenges. Procrastination due to ongoing myths surrounding implementation of self-regulatory activities may impact commitments made towards availing of these activities. Environmental stressors may worry about time commitments to engage in these activities over and above job responsibilities or personal obligations. Additionally, negative influences such as family members or peers who discourage engagement in self-regulatory activities can affect efforts toward building the skill.


Self-Regulation is crucial for maintaining optimal mental health; it helps manage our responses to stressful situations and reduces the chances of developing chronic stress-related illnesses. By incorporating these techniques into our daily routines, we can promote healthy living while strengthening our emotional control mechanisms. Remember that no one solution applies to everyone; identify techniques aligned with your preferences that help regulate your nervous system best. Engage with friends and professionals to help create supportive networks that positively contribute towards managing everyday stressors.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What does it mean to self regulate your nervous system?

Self-regulating your nervous system means taking control of your body’s response to stress. This involves finding ways to reduce the impact of stress on your body, whether it’s through physical exercise, breathing techniques, or mindfulness practices.

2. Why is self regulation important?

Self regulation is important because chronic stress can have negative effects on your health, both physically and mentally. By learning how to regulate your nervous system, you can improve your overall well-being and reduce the risk of developing chronic conditions such as anxiety, depression, and cardiovascular disease.

3. How can I tell if my nervous system is dysregulated?

Common signs of a dysregulated nervous system include anxiety, restlessness, difficulty sleeping, irritability, muscle tension or pain, digestive issues, and a weakened immune system. If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms on a regular basis, it may be a sign that your nervous system is dysregulated.

4. What are some strategies for self regulating the nervous system?

  • Breathing exercises
  • Meditation and mindfulness practices
  • Aromatherapy
  • Physical exercise
  • Yoga or other low-impact movement practices
  • Getting enough sleep
  • Eating a healthy diet

5. Can self regulation help with specific conditions like anxiety and depression?

Yes! Many people with anxiety and depression find that self regulation techniques like breathing exercises and meditation can be effective in managing their symptoms. However, it’s important to note that self regulation shouldn’t be used as a substitute for professional medical treatment.

6. How long does it take to see results from self regulation?

The timeline for seeing results from self regulation will vary from person to person, and will depend on factors like the severity of your symptoms and how regularly you practice your techniques. With consistent practice, you can expect to start feeling the benefits of self regulation within a few weeks or months.

7. Can self regulation be harmful in any way?

Self regulation techniques are generally considered safe and non-invasive. However, if you have a medical condition or are taking any medications, it’s always a good idea to talk to your healthcare provider before starting any new practices. Additionally, some techniques may not be appropriate for certain individuals (for example, people with respiratory conditions may need to modify their breathing exercises).

keys takeaways

Self Regulating Your Nervous System

Managing stress and anxiety can be a difficult task, but learning to self regulate your nervous system can make a world of difference. Here are 4 key takeaways:

  1. Breathing Techniques: Focusing on deep, controlled breathing can help regulate your heart rate and calm the body.
  2. Mindfulness Meditation: Practicing mindfulness can help you become more aware of your thoughts and emotions, allowing you to better control them.
  3. Gratitude: Taking time to reflect on what you’re grateful for can increase positive emotions and decrease stress levels.
  4. Physical Activity: Regular exercise has been shown to reduce anxiety and boost mood, making it an excellent way to regulate your nervous system.

Incorporating these practices into your daily routine may take some effort, but they have the potential to greatly improve your mental and emotional well-being!

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